Why are some operators better at selling tours than others?
As a tour operator you’re probably not alone in your market. The chances are that you have competition, be it someone offering a similar experience, or even just in the same location. How do you dominate the market and cement your position as number one? The secret is to apply ethical, scientifically-proven techniques to persuade your customers that they are best served booking their tours with you.
The Theory of Persuasive Communication was developed by Robert Cialdini, professor of social psychology at Arizona State University. Cialdini conducted a series of investigations on the operation of persuasion in real life. The theory makes the most of certain behavioral patterns collectively internalized in the human psyche in order to influence behavior. In other words, it recognizes why, as humans, we act a certain way and takes advantage of that. We can use this research to understand how to use effective communication with the goal of influencing the decisions of tourists.
Below are the six main elements as developed by Cialdini, as well as how you can apply them to your website.
This is the most obvious point if you want your website visitor to ‘BOOK NOW’ – show them what they’ll be getting as part of the deal. Ensure that your pictures don’t just focus on the environment or location – demonstrate what you can do for them. This could be a great photo of you or your tour guides interacting with the guests or pointing out a hidden gem. Maybe you can give them a free gift in exchange for booking online? Or take them to a ‘secret’ location? The more that they ‘get back’ from your company the more they’ll want to give. Evans Guides in Berlin don’t wait for people to book a tour, instead they give people a free guide to the city for signing up to their newsletter. Who will these people book their tours with?
How can you make people like you through your website? I see tour operators trying too hard with this factor, telling visitors about their ‘amazing sense of humor’ on their ‘About Us’ page – remember, this isn’t a lonely hearts column! People like people like themselves. They like people who understand what they want, they also like people who are upfront and honest with them. Demonstrate why your customers can trust you alongside your enthusiasm for what you do – show you’re having a good time doing what you’re doing. Kip from Cascade Outdoors lives and breathes his business.
When it comes to big commitments people don’t usually like to jump in with both feet. Sometimes it can be easier to gain commitment on a small level before going in for the ‘big close’. As a tour and experience operator, this could mean offering a mailing list or a newsletter to allow guests to build a relationship with your company before booking a tour (as per Evans Guide above). If you currently only operate a full day option, could you offer a half day tour alongside it? If your customer originally committed to the half day option, they’re more likely to upgrade to the full day once they’ve made the first step. So if you’ve got an upsell opportunity, always address it (applying these persuasion methods).
As much as you can – demonstrate that people who are ‘like your target customer’ book these tours and experiences with you. Use testimonials throughout your site and keep them relevant to your target market and to the tour page your visitor is viewing. If they know other people are booking your tours, they will feel less anxiety about booking the tour themselves. Aside from testimonials, think about the pictures that you use on your website. If you offer city bike tours for example, don’t just feature young, fit cyclists who spend everyday in the gym. Show the customer who may be worrying that the tour is suitable for them too. La Bicicleta Verde in Chile gets the balance spot on. In addition to boasting Paul McCartney and Steven Tyler amongst their guests, they have pictures of families, middle-aged couples and younger travelers to demonstrate they can accommodate all-comers.
Do you have any tourism industry awards? Are you a member of associations? Have you been offering tours for multiple years? How many visitors have you welcomed? Use your points of difference to show your site visitors that you are the right person, above your competitors, to give your customers the service and experience they’re looking for. Eat Mexico proudly display their recommendations from reputable sources alongside their guides’ expertise. Who better to educate people on the gastronomical delights that Mexico City has to offer?
This is one of the secrets to Booking.com’s success. That 3rd hotel is always booked. Hotel 1 has 2 rooms available, 3 people have already booked today…hurry! Book NOW! Scarcity creates urgency in your customer and can be the trickiest thing to ‘get right’. TourismTiger are currently working on advanced integrations with selected booking software companies to help create the ‘Booking.com’ effect. Check out Northwood Zipline‘s date search integration below. When website visitors see how popular their experiences are, before even clicking ‘Book Now’, they’ll want to reserve their spot as quickly as possible.
So there you have it, Robert Cialdini’s Science of Persuasion applied to your tourism site to sell more tours. Don’t just limit their application to your website, use them as often as you can. If you’ve got any more suggestions about how these techniques can be applied to your tourism website, or you’ve already applied them successfully, then drop me an email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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